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Joan Clos is the Executive Director of the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT), appointed at the level of Undersecretary-General by the United Nations General Assembly. Dr. Clos took office at the Programme’s headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya on October 18, 2010. Prior to joining UN-Habitat, Dr. Clos was twice elected Mayor of Barcelona serving two terms during the years 1997–2006. He was appointed Minister of Industry, Tourism, and Trade of Spain in 2006 to 2008. In this role, he helped rationalize the Iberian Energy Market in line with European Union Policies. Prior to joining the United Nations, he served as Spanish ambassador to Turkey and Azerbaijan. At the international level, he was elected President of Metropolis, the international network of cities, in 1998. Two years later, he was elected President of the World Association of Cities and Local Authorities, (WACLAC). Between 2000 and 2007, Dr. Clos served as Chairman of the United Nations Advisory Committee of Local Authorities, (UNACLA), and between 1997 and 2003, he was member of the Council of European Municipalities and Regions, (CEMR). Dr. Clos has received a number of awards which include a gold medal from the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1999 for transforming Barcelona. In 2002, he won the UN-HABITAT Scroll of Honour Award for encouraging global cooperation between local authorities and the United Nations.